What causes Food Poisoning? - Holistic Of Health

What causes Food Poisoning?

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food-poisoning

Food poisoning is also known as a foodborne disease. This condition is caused by contaminated food that is enriched with bacteria, viruses, and toxins. These can lead to symptoms ranging from mild to severe gastrointestinal illnesses. Some food poisoning can cause severe illness or complications. Mildness can be cured without treatment. It can cause poisoning after 2 to 3 hours after taking contaminated food.

 

What are the Symptoms of food poisoning?

The symptoms of food poisoning depend on the cause of the illness. It begins after taking 2 to 3 hours to eat contaminated food.

Common symptoms include:

  • Upset stomach
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Diarrhea and bloody stool
  • Muscles pain

 

Food poisoning can also disturb the nervous system and cause severe disease.

  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Number of skin

Severe cases of food poisoning can cause severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances in the body.

 

What are the Causes of food poisoning?

Many harmful substances in food can cause foodborne disease. Food can be contaminated with the following:

Sure thing! Among the many potential causes of food poisoning are:

 

Bacteria:

Salmonella:

Embedded in raw or undercooked chicken, eggs, and unpasteurized milk.
Undercooked ground beef, unpasteurized milk, and polluted water are common sources of the bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli).

Raw or undercooked poultry, unpasteurized milk, and water contamination are common sources of campylobacter.

This bacterium is commonly found in soft cheeses, unpasteurized dairy products, and ready-to-eat deli meats.
Clostridium perfringens: This bacterium is commonly detected in overly-tempered beef dishes.

Viruses:

Norovirus:

Commonly spread by tainted water or food, especially shellfish, salads, and pre-made meals.
Raw or undercooked shellfish, as well as items handled by infected people, are common vectors for the transmission of the hepatitis A virus.
One example is the rotavirus, which can spread from person to person through contaminated surfaces, water, or food.

Parasite number three is Giardia lamblia, which can be found in polluted water, food, or surfaces.
Cryptosporidium is a common water-borne bacterium that can be found in untreated drinking water and polluted swimming pools.
Undercooked or uncooked pork, lamb, or venison are common sources of the Toxoplasma gondii bacteria.

 

Toxins:

Staphylococcus aureus:

This germ can infect food if it comes into contact with an infected person. It is especially common in cooked meats, dairy products, and salads.
Foods that are not properly preserved or canned, especially those that are low in acidity (such as meats and vegetables), can be contaminated with the botulinum toxin by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

 

Chemical Contaminants:

 

Pesticides, heavy metals, and cleaning agents are among the chemical contaminants that can cause food poisoning if consumed in large quantities or through water or food that is ruined.

Allergens:

People with food allergies may experience symptoms comparable to food poisoning if they eat particular foods, including peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, eggs, milk, soy, and wheat.

Any number of these can lead to food poisoning. To avoid becoming sick from eating contaminated food, it’s important to follow proper hygiene measures when handling, storing, cooking, and serving food.

 

What is the treatment of Treatment of food poisoning?

The typical objectives of treatment for food poisoning are the management of symptoms and the avoidance of fluid retention within the body. When it comes to the treatment of food poisoning, the following are some generally accepted points:

  • To replace the electrolytes and fluids that are lost as a result of vomiting and diarrhea, it is essential to consume a large amount of fluid. In addition to water, clear broth and oral rehydration treatments are all examples of these fluids. In most cases, it is more convenient to take a few little sips at regular intervals rather than a large one all at once.
  • Give your body a rest by getting some hours of sleep. Steer clear of activities that could exacerbate your symptoms, such as working out at an excessively high intensity.
  •  Medication: Pepto-Bismol (bismuth subsalicylate) and loperamide (Imodium) are two medications that are available without a prescription and have the potential to alleviate diarrhea conditions. It is important to consult your physician before beginning treatment with any of these medications, especially if your symptoms are severe or if you have any disorders that have been present for a long time.
  • It is possible to use acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) in order to ease discomfort and bring the temperature down. In the event that you are having bleeding or gastrointestinal issues, you should not take aspirin or ibuprofen.
  • Restrict your consumption of foods and beverages that are spicy, fatty, or gloppy; also, refrain from consuming caffeine, alcohol, and dairy products until your symptoms improve. Pain in the intestines may become even more severe as a consequence of them.
  • Reintroduce Foods Gradually: When symptoms start to improve, gradually bring back foods that are bland and simple to digest. Some examples of these meals include crackers, rice, bananas, toast (the BRAT diet), boiled potatoes, and clear broths. Avoid consuming anything that has the potential to irritate the stomach or that is difficult to digest.
  • Get medical assistance as soon as possible. In the event that you are having serious symptoms, such as a high fever, bloody diarrhea, decreased urine output, dry mouth, dizziness, or a high temperature that does not go away, you should not wait around for assistance. If you feel the need to do so, contact a medical professional as soon as possible.
  • The High-Risk Individuals: For those who are experiencing symptoms of food poisoning, it is imperative that they seek medical attention without delay. This is especially true for infants, young children, elderly people, pregnant women, and those whose immune systems are damaged.
  • Make sure to stay in contact with your healthcare professional and pay close attention to the instructions and recommendations they provide. In the event that a bacterial or parasitic infection is identified, your healthcare practitioner may suggest that you be treated with antibiotics as well as other targeted medications.It is possible that the course of treatment will be affected by a number of factors, including the severity of the symptoms, the nature of the underlying cause, and other personal health issues. It is best to consult a physician or nurse in order to receive individualized guidance and treatment recommendations.

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