What are the Causes of Kidney Failure? - Holistic Of Health


What are the Causes of Kidney Failure?


Kidney failure, medically known as renal failure, is a disorder when the kidneys lose their capacity to filter waste materials and excess fluids from the blood efficiently. The most deadly and chronic kidney condition is kidney failure. As a result, the body accumulates pollutants, which can lead to some health issues. We’ll examine kidney failure’s causes, signs, diagnosis, and available treatments in this extensive guide.


Types of kidney failure

There are two types of kidney failure:

  1. Acute kidney failure disease
  2. Chronic kidney failure disease

Acute kidney failure disease

When the kidneys unexpectedly stop filtering waste items from the blood, it’s called acute renal failure. When the kidneys are unable to filter the blood effectively, harmful amounts of waste can build up and disrupt the blood’s chemical equilibrium.

It normally takes less than a few days for acute kidney failure, also known as acute renal failure or acute kidney damage, to occur. Patients already in the hospital, especially those in critical illness requiring intensive care, have a higher risk of developing acute renal failure.

Chronic kidney failure disease

 Chronic kidney failure is the condition when your kidney has been damaged. Chronic kidney failure develops slowly and it may take months or years, but it damages the kidneys chronically.

What are the Causes of Kidney Failure?


  • Notes: The leading causes of kidney failure are chronic illnesses including diabetes and high blood pressure. Long-term, uncontrolled diabetes and hypertension can erode renal blood arteries, eventually reducing kidney function.
  • Diseases of the Kidneys: Renal failure can be gradually brought on by certain kidney disorders such as glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, and nephrotic syndrome by damaging the kidney tissues.
  • Contagions: Acute kidney failure can result from severe illnesses like sepsis impairing renal function.
  • Medications and Toxins: The kidneys can suffer harm from some drugs and poisons when taken in excess or for an extended length of time. Examples are lead and mercury, as well as certain antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Obstruction: Renal damage and even failure can result from conditions that block the urinary system, such as enlarged prostate glands or kidney stones.


What are the Symptoms of Renal Kidney Failure?

The underlying reason and whether renal failure is acute or chronic will determine the symptoms. Not uncommon symptoms consist of:

  • One of the main signs of kidney failure is “Decreased Urination”, or oliguria.
  • Swelling: Body fluid buildup resulting in edema, or swelling of the hands, feet, legs, ankles, or face.
  • Fatigue: The accumulation of toxins in the body during renal failure often leaves one feeling exhausted and sluggish even with enough rest.
  • Difficulty Breathing: An overabundance of bodily fluids might build up in the lungs.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Loss of appetite and nausea are symptoms of a blood waste product buildup.
  • The buildup of poisons in the blood can cause “itching”.


Diagnosis of Kidney Failure:


  • Typical diagnostic testing comprises: Renal failure diagnosis usually combines physical examination, laboratory testing, and medical history evaluation.



  • Analysis Urinary: Analysing a urine sample can provide important details regarding kidney function and the existence of anomalies like blood or protein.


  • Imaging Studies: An MRI, CT scan, or ultrasound can be used to see the kidneys and urinary system and find any structural abnormalities or blockages.
  • The “Kidney Biopsy” Sometimes obtaining a tissue sample for microscopic analysis requires a kidney biopsy, particularly if a particular kidney condition is suspected.


Treatment Options for Kidney Failure:


The fundamental reason, the severity, and the acute or chronic nature of kidney failure determine how it should be treated. Among the available therapies are:

  • Medications: Prescription medications can be written to treat underlying diseases causing renal failure.  To manage symptoms, control blood pressure, and balance electrolytes.


  • When the kidneys are unable to efficiently filter waste materials and extra fluids from the blood. dialysis is a process that artificially does so.


  • Dialysis is mostly of two types: peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis.


  • Renal transplant: For qualified patients with end-stage renal failure, a kidney transplant may be advised. A kidney transplant involves surgically implanting, a healthy kidney from a donor into the recipient’s body to replace the failing kidneys.


  • Lifestyle Changes: Making lifestyle changes such as eating a low-sodium, potassium, and phosphorus diet, reducing fluid consumption, stopping smoking, and exercising regularly will help manage renal failure and general health.


  • Treatment of Underlying problems: Treating underlying problems including diabetes, high blood pressure, and infections is critical for treating renal failure and preventing additional damage.


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